The average American is encouraged to take 10,000 steps for optimal health in a day. Every step puts one and a half times the person’s weight on their foot. Multiply this strain by wearing ill-fitting, high-heeled shoes, and a person is bound to have pain in their feet and toes. Corns are calluses that form on the toes where the bones in the foot put pressure on the shoe. The surface layer of the skin thickens, building up and causing irritation in the tissues underneath the skin. Corns are easily seen and generally have a tender spot in the middle with a yellowish, thick skin around it.
The first line of treatment for corns is to alleviate the pressure the foot is under. Wear shoes that have a wide toe box, that conform to the foot, and that do not have a heel higher than two inches. Soaking the feet regularly and using a pumice stone to remove dead skin on the corn may be recommended by Dr. Thurm. He may also recommend using non-medicated pads to cushion the corn until it can heal. However, if a corn is particularly painful, Dr. Thurm may need to shave any dead layers of skin off of the corn. If the corn is the result of a toe deformity, it may require surgery to correct the underlying problem.
Once a corn has been removed, it is important to protect the feet. Shoes that are too tight, squeeze the foot, or slide or rub create friction and pressure – fertile breeding grounds for corns. Wearing high-heeled shoes or socks that do not fit properly also contribute to the likelihood of a corn. Wear properly-fitting, low-heeled shoes with a wide toe box and consult with Dr. Thurm about any toe deformities such as hammertoe that may increase the likelihood of developing a corn.